HMD Chart - Spec Comparison

Welcome to the HMD Chart. Please click Expand Table.

Announced 2023 Apple Vision Pro OLED 4000x3600 Pancake 120 96/120 Yes Piped Yes Battery Magnetic Lenses No Mid High 50
Released 2021 Arpara Arpara PCVR OLED 2560x2560 Pancake 95 90 No Piped No Display Port No No Low Mid 20
Announced Arpara Arpara Stand Alone OLED 2560x2560 Pancake 95 90 No Piped Yes No No No Low High 20
Announced Bigscreen Beyond OLED 2560x2560 Pancake 102 75/90 No Optional Off Ear No Display Port No No Low Mid 30
Released 2022 Byte Dance Pico4 LCD 2160x2160 Pancake 104 72/90 No Piped Yes USB-C No No Mid Low 90
Rumoured Q4 2024 Byte Dance Pico5 Pro Max LCD 3840x3840 Pancake Gen2 110 90 Yes Yes Yes Display Port No Yes Mid Mid 80
Released 2020 HP Reverb G2 LCD 2160x2160 Fresnel 114 90 No Off Ear No Display Port No No Mid Low 70
Released 2023 HTC XR Elite LCD 1920x1920 Pancake 110 90 No Piped Yes USB-C Yes No Mid Mid 70
Released 2021 HTC Focus3 LCD 2448x2448 Fresnel 120 90 No Off Ear No Display Port No No Mid Mid 70
Announced Immersed Visor OLED 4000x4000 Pancake ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? Display Port No No Low Mid 10
Released 2020 Meta Quest2 LCD 1832x1920 Fresnel 97 60/72/80/90/120 No Piped Yes USB-C No Yes Mid Low 100
Announced 2023 Meta Quest3 OLED 2064x2208 Pancake 110 90/120 No Piped Yes USB-C No Yes Mid Low 100
Announced Panasonic MeganeX OLED 2560x2560 Pancake 97 90 No Piped No USB-C No No Low High 10
Released 2019 Pimax 8KX LCD 3840x2160 Fresnel 180 90/144 No Off Ear No Display Port No No High High 30
Released Q2 2023 Pimax Crystal LCD 2880x2880 Aspheric 103 90/120 Yes Piped Yes Display Port No No High High 20
Announced 2021 Pimax 12K LCD 5760x3240 Aspheric 200 90 Yes Piped Yes Display Port No No High High 30
Prototype Somnium VR-1 LCD 2880x2880 Aspheric 120-128 90/120 No Optional/Piped Yes Display Port Magnetic Lenses No Mid Mid 20
Released 2023 Sony PSVR2 OLED 2160x2160 Fresnel 110 90/120 Yes Ear Buds No Display Port No Yes Mid Low 100
Released 2019 Valve Index LCD 1440x1600 Fresnel 108 80/90/120/144 No Off Ear No Display Port No Yes Mid Mid 100
Rumoured Valve Index2 OLED 4000x3600 Fresnel 130 90 Yes Off Ear No Display Port No Yes Mid Mid 100
Released 2021 Varjo Aero LCD 2880x2720 Aspheric 107 90 Yes No No Display Port No No Mid High 30
Rumoured VRGineers XTAL 4 ??? ??? Pancake 210 90 ??? ??? ??? Display Port ??? No Mid High 20

RoS - Rate of Success in %. ie Sony PSVR2 - Low Price - Mid Weight - OLED - Exclusive games - RoS 100.


Welcome to the HMD Chart where I’ve listed all the specs on the most popular headsets in the past future and present.

Thanks to @Heliosurge we now have this feature. I can add HMDs as we go just let me know what you want adding.

Yes I’ve added Index2 as a future HMD as I have the 12k.

If you see any missing or wrong data in the chart let me know. Getting the latest Refresh Rate on all these headsets is tricky.

Hope you find the chart usefull.


Is the resolution of the 12k confirmed or calculated from their frontier event?


Thats a good question. I don’t think a true answer to the 12k resolution exists because of the length of time passed since the initial announcement back in 2021.

I looked at the initial Pimax 12k launch video but I don’t think they specifically state the resolution there.
I looked a bit more online and there is this article from RoadtoVR with a spec sheet.

Lets face it in two years anything could of changed. Mabe Pimax @PimaxQuorra can confirm the exact resolution.


No 12k entry yet. But here is a vr hardware compendium (in Guide repo tag directory). Iirc vrcompare also has a database.


These 2 databases may help with info for your chart.

Given 120,441,600 subpixels = 20,073,600 pixels per display (assuming 2 RGB panels)

Someone else pointed out the very important asterix, which seems to suggest at the time that their displays would be 3:1 in the reality series, but the Crystal is apparently not and the infographic seems to suggest a 32:9.

Given 3:1 aspect ratio (3:2 per panel) it comes to 5487 * 3658.
If it is 32:9 aspect ratio (16:9 per panel) it would be 5975 * 3360.

100% SteamVR resolutions will be ridiculous either way, given that it’s usually ~140% of each or about 200% of the rendered pixels.

My god: 7750 * 5175 or 8450 x 4750 in SteamVR?

In any case, you need 240% what the 8KX is in raw horsepower; I personally would take 8KX resolutions with the increased color, etc. It’s no longer about resolution for me. Wide FOV, good displays, nothing getting in the way of that.

Still the displays are not disclosed, this is all reverse math and at the time of the Frontier event I don’t think the display suppliers were even finalized.


@DJSlanr which is why a functional dynamic foveated rendering pipeline end2end is almost mandatory for the 12K. Although you can surely achieve some improvement by applying fixed foveated rendering: anything beyond 160 degrees horizontally is really difficult to focus on anyhow, so why would you have it rendered at full resolution? But still it will remain challenging.


What exactly does ROS mean? If it’s success as in how well they have sold etc, how can that be decided when many of them haven’t been released yet?

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aren’t there two devices on the plan at apple? the “reality pro”, and later “reality one”. i think it is fundamentally very wrong, it is misleading. to put already released devices with devices on a list about which nothing is known!


I think you missed the explanation under the chart.

If you take Apples Reality One for example which is not released yet. We know it’s going to be very small and light, have the best feature set of any HMD and have great software support. But it will be so expensive it will be priced out of most peoples reach. To that end it scores 50.

We know enough to be able to enter data into the columns. We know it’s going to be an Apple phone in a HMD.

It’s slim form-factor suggests it’s going to have average FoV and pancake lenses.

I did see the explanation. I don’t think you can assign a “success” to hmd’s based on proposed specs, they need to be out in the wild and independently reviewed for so the specs can be assessed to be accurate. I mean, how can anyone assign 100% to Index 2 when all we have is patents? I’m not feeling this ROS column at all atmos, sorry.


that was just one example. the index 2 tell me more!

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i don’t think black or white, there is a lot of gray. everyone has their truth! but please separate hard facts from speculation. that’s all I’m asking from you.

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If I remove Index2, Reality One, 12k I’d also have to remove Crystal. I should add the 8KX

Why Crystal? Because we don’t know the FOV, WiFi6, Eye tracking, stand-alone capabilities. They’re all turned off at launch.

I could put them in a second chart for unreleased headsets. The problem then becomes that chart becomes bigger than the released headset chart and people are only interested in upcoming HMDs and we’re pretty much back at square one.

Having everything in one chart seemed a better choice to me anyway.

i already told, its your truth.

We’ve been asking Pimax for the FOV truth for weeks. Lol

Patents, interviews, business acquisitions, leaks and probability are not my truth.

It might be an idea to create 2 charts to separate released hmds from not released; especially with ones with potentially incorrect specs or speculated specs. Move them to the released chart when released.

Possibly or simply color those with unconfirmed. As the FoV will also be different depending on lens set used.

One column I might add at the very start is STATUS. ie Prototype - Announced - Rumour - Release date.

Released 2021—-Aero
Rumour————-Reality One
Release date——Crystal